THIS IS A TEST INSTANCE ONLY! REPOSITORIES CAN BE DELETED AT ANY TIME!

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date: “2017-01-01T16:00:00+02:00” title: “Usage: Backup and Restore” slug: “backup-and-restore” weight: 11 toc: true draft: false menu: sidebar:

parent: "usage"
name: "Backup and Restore"
weight: 11
identifier: "backup-and-restore"

Backup and Restore

Gitea currently has a dump command that will save the installation to a zip file. This file can be unpacked and used to restore an instance.

Backup Command (dump)

Switch to the user running Gitea: su git. Run ./gitea dump -c /path/to/app.ini in the Gitea installation directory. There should be some output similar to the following:

2016/12/27 22:32:09 Creating tmp work dir: /tmp/gitea-dump-417443001
2016/12/27 22:32:09 Dumping local repositories.../home/git/gitea-repositories
2016/12/27 22:32:22 Dumping database...
2016/12/27 22:32:22 Packing dump files...
2016/12/27 22:32:34 Removing tmp work dir: /tmp/gitea-dump-417443001
2016/12/27 22:32:34 Finish dumping in file gitea-dump-1482906742.zip

Inside the gitea-dump-1482906742.zip file, will be the following:

  • app.ini - Optional copy of configuration file if originally stored outside of the default custom/ directory
  • custom - All config or customization files in custom/.
  • data - Data directory in , except sessions if you are using file session. This directory includes attachments, avatars, lfs, indexers, sqlite file if you are using sqlite.
  • gitea-db.sql - SQL dump of database
  • gitea-repo.zip - Complete copy of the repository directory.
  • log/ - Various logs. They are not needed for a recovery or migration.

Intermediate backup files are created in a temporary directory specified either with the --tempdir command-line parameter or the TMPDIR environment variable.

Using Docker (dump)

There are a few caveats for using the dump command with Docker.

The command has to be executed with the RUN_USER = <OS_USERNAME> specified in gitea/conf/app.ini; and, for the zipping of the backup folder to occur without permission error the command docker exec must be executed inside of the --tempdir.

Example:

docker exec -u <OS_USERNAME> -it -w <--tempdir> $(docker ps -qf "name=<NAME_OF_DOCKER_CONTAINER>") bash -c '/app/gitea/gitea dump -c </path/to/app.ini>'

*Note: --tempdir refers to the temporary directory of the docker environment used by Gitea; if you have not specified a custom --tempdir, then Gitea uses /tmp or the TMPDIR environment variable of the docker container. For --tempdir adjust your docker exec command options accordingly.

The result should be a file, stored in the --tempdir specified, along the lines of: gitea-dump-1482906742.zip

Restore Command (restore)

There is currently no support for a recovery command. It is a manual process that mostly involves moving files to their correct locations and restoring a database dump.

Example:

apt-get install gitea
unzip gitea-dump-1482906742.zip
cd gitea-dump-1482906742
mv custom/conf/app.ini /etc/gitea/conf/app.ini # or mv app.ini /etc/gitea/conf/app.ini
unzip gitea-repo.zip
mv gitea-repo/* /var/lib/gitea/repositories/
chown -R gitea:gitea /etc/gitea/conf/app.ini /var/lib/gitea/repositories/
mysql -u$USER -p$PASS $DATABASE <gitea-db.sql
# or  sqlite3 $DATABASE_PATH <gitea-db.sql
service gitea restart

Repository git-hooks should be regenerated if installation method is changed (eg. binary -> Docker), or if Gitea is installed to a different directory than the previous installation.

With Gitea running, and from the directory Gitea’s binary is located, execute: ./gitea admin regenerate hooks

This ensures that application and configuration file paths in repository git-hooks are consistent and applicable to the current installation. If these paths are not updated, repository push actions will fail.