commit-graph: prepare for commit-graph chains
To prepare for a chain of commit-graph files, augment the
commit_graph struct to point to a base commit_graph. As we load
commits from the graph, we may actually want to read from a base
file according to the graph position.
The "graph position" of a commit is given by concatenating the
lexicographic commit orders from each of the commit-graph files in
the chain. This means that we must distinguish two values:
* lexicographic index : the position within the lexicographic
order in a single commit-graph file.
* graph position: the position within the concatenated order
of multiple commit-graph files
Given the lexicographic index of a commit in a graph, we can
compute the graph position by adding the number of commits in
the lower-level graphs. To find the lexicographic index of
a commit, we subtract the number of commits in lower-level graphs.
While here, change insert_parent_or_die() to take a uint32_t
position, as that is the type used by its only caller and that
makes more sense with the limits in the commit-graph format.
Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>